The Odate Bayashi Preservation Association is an organization that aims to preserve the Odate Bayashi and train its successors. We are composed of members from each of the groups that participate in the Odate Shinmeisha Festival entertainment dedication events, and aims to nurture the Odate Bayashi of each group without losing its roots, and to hand down the Odate Bayashi, a traditional performing art that represents Odate.
会長ごあいさつGreetings from the Chairman
第６代目 会長 - The 6th Chairman
第６代目 会長 芳賀 俊明 - The 6th Chairman Toshiaki Haga
In 2021, I assumed the position of chairman. I am a member of NanshoKo.
My name is Haga, and I am the 6th Chairman of the Odate Bayashi Preservation Association.
We believe that it is our duty to pass on to future generations the history, techniques, and spirit of Odate bayashi, which has a history of more than 400 years and has been handed down to us by our predecessors and seniors. We are always striving to improve our skills among the members, and we are determined to compete with each other.
For the past two years, we have not been able to offer entertainment at the Odate Shinmeisha Festival due to the Corona disaster, so there have not been many opportunities for citizens to hear this musical performance. We believe that we can convey the beauty of Odate bayashi through various opportunities. All the members of the group will continue to devote themselves to preserving the Odate bayashi, which is a part of the local culture.
組織図 - 構成メンバー総数44人Organization - Total number of members 44
The Odate Bayashi Preservation Association was formed in 1962 when the Tohoku Conference of the Junior Chamber was held in Akita City, and each society decided to present a local entertainment representing the area. The musical performers were mainly from Benten-cho, and the dancers were from the Higashidate tribe, who supported the performance, which was very well received by many people.
The number of floats dedicated to the shrine gradually increased and the Odate bayashi accompaniment began to be performed. However, the number of musicians and dancers could not be covered by the city alone, so geishas and minyo (folk song) singers were invited from the former Hinai-machi and other areas, and geishas from the former Hanawa-machi and Noshiro City were also invited as dancers, all for a high fee. Incidentally, in the mid-1950s, I heard that the town to which I belonged paid 200,000 yen in performance fees to the Hinai-cho company. Therefore, not only Odate bayashi accompaniment but also folk songs could be heard during the performance.
02昭和38年に大館ばやし保存会を結成Formed the Odate Bayashi Preservation Association in 1963.
In 1963, Matsutaro Narita became the president of the Odate Junior Chamber, and renamed the festival "Odate Bayashi" instead of "Hayashi floats" and formed the "Odate Bayashi Preservation Association" to pass it down to future generations. Mr. Narimatsu stated in the Odate Shinmeisha Festival Entertainment Dedication Event Booklet (hereinafter referred to as the Festival Booklet) No. 2 (1979), "On the last day of the festival, we hope that the Odate bayashi will resound as soon as possible from all the towns where the floats are displayed. In addition, in No. 9 of the same year (1986), the following statement was made under the title of "The Objectives of the Odate Bayashi Preservation Association Almost Achieved.
03当時、会結成25年を迎えるにあたりAt the time, we were celebrating the 25th anniversary of the association.
It has been 24 years since the Odate Bayashi Preservation Association was formed in 1963, and next year (1988) will mark the 25th anniversary. Since its formation, the purpose of the association has been to preserve the Odate bayashi and to train its successors, and we have worked hard to achieve this. With the understanding and cooperation of each town, the Odate bayashi has been fostered in each town, and we feel that the purpose of this association has been achieved. From now on, I strongly hope that the roots of the Odate bayashi that have been cultivated in each town will not be destroyed and that the traditional Odate bayashi that represents Odate will be handed down to future generations with the help of everyone. The parade in the evening festival is now in its third year, and I would like to continue it as the biggest traditional event in Odate. As a member of the Odate Bayashi Preservation Association for the past 24 years, I would like to express my deepest respect for the regular members who have worked so hard to foster the Odate bayashi. Finally, I hope that the Odate bayashi will play an active role in various tourist events in Odate as a dedicated entertainment for the Odate Shinmeisha Festival and as a traditional performing art representing Odate.
Mr. Narimatsu continued to play an active role as the third chairman of the executive committee of the Shinmeisha festival and the chairman of the Odate musical ensemble liaison council, and was instrumental in the designation of Odate City as an intangible folk cultural asset. He passed away in May, 2008.
Odate bayashi is a festival dance that has been dedicated to the entertainment of the Odate Shinmei Shrine Festival since ancient times, and four songs have been handed down from generation to generation: Yose-bayashi, Odate Gion-bayashi, Ken-bayashi, and Kaeri-yama.
In the early days of the festival, the floats were called "hayashi floats," because they were decorated with ornamental floats dedicated by wealthy people in the four towns, and were followed by the musician who played the hayashi. In the late Meiji era (1868-1912), when electric cables were installed in the city, the floats and decorative floats that had competed in height were no longer allowed to operate, and they were replaced by Oki floats placed in stores and residential areas. At first, they were carried by people. At first, the floats were carried by people, but as they began to perform hand dances and geisha joined them, they became hiki floats. This is the original form of today's floats.
大館ばやし保存会の飛躍のきっかけHow the Odate Bayashi Preservation Association took off
05大館ばやし保存会の発足当初のテレビ出演TV appearance of Odate Bayashi Preservation Association at its inception
At the time of its establishment, the group actively participated in many cultural and sporting events to promote its popularity. Among the major events were an appearance on NHK General TV's "Furusato no Uta Matsuri" (Hometown Song Festival) in December 1967, which was considered a national program at the time, and an appearance on Furi Baru '79, sponsored by FUJI TV, at Meiji Jingu Gaien in August 1979. In addition, on the occasion of the annual festival of Odate Shinmeisha Shrine, they set up floats
These activities earned us a good reputation, and we were asked to perform at opening ceremonies and events of cultural and commercial facilities throughout the northern Tohoku region, as well as at tourist facilities such as Otaki and Yuze Onsen. With these rewards, we purchased large drums, small drums, and lintels, which are still the property of the Preservation Association.
We have been recording and releasing records, cassette tapes, and CDs about every 10 years for preservation. In 1986, Mr. Tomiya Shimohaira donated to the Preservation Association the sheet music he had scored on a staff. In 1997, members of the Preservation Association created scores for all instruments. In 1997, the members of the Preservation Association prepared scores for all the instruments, with a fingering chart for the flute part. In 2001, it was designated as an intangible folk cultural asset by Odate City. In 2003, the Odate musical performance by Bentenko was recommended by the Foundation for Regional Art-Activities for the preservation of video records.
07教則DVD作成と各講、地元小学校に配布Prepared instructional DVD and distributed to each class and local elementary schools
In 2008, we were able to release the instructional video on DVD. The video was recorded in November of 2009 as part of a project to promote the comprehensive utilization of cultural heritage by the Agency for Cultural Affairs. It has been a long time coming to record on film the drumming and fife fingering that cannot be conveyed through music scores and fingering charts. We have distributed the video to each class and school for reference.
As for the development of successors, Matsutaro Narita, the first chairman of the Association, had long wished that "the floats of my town should have the music of my town," and under this slogan, he gave musical guidance to each town, and by the 1975-1985, all the floats were able to play and dance their own music. In the 1950s, all of the floats were able to play and dance their own music. Since then, we have continued to provide musical guidance to each of the groups and hold joint practice sessions.
09地元小学校への演奏指導などTeaching performance to local elementary schools, etc.
In Heisei year 2018, we held a traditional culture class for parents and children organized by the Lifelong Learning Division of the Odate City Board of Education, where we played the Odate Music Drum and taught hand dancing in December and January and February of the following year. In addition, in November we held an Odate City Children's Festival. We also performed at the Odate City Children's Festival and Local Performing Arts Presentation in November.
In 2020 and 2021, due to the outbreak of a new type of coronavirus, the entertainment and dedication of the Shinmeisha Festival was cancelled, so unfortunately we were not able to see the floats parading around playing the Odate-bayashi. In the meantime, we were invited to perform and teach at school events at Josei and Jonan Elementary Schools in the second year, and at Ariura, Josei and Jonan Elementary Schools in the third year.
10幅広い年齢層の会員構成Wide age range of membership composition
Since the year 2018, more young people, including high school students, have joined the club, and it has become possible for them to participate in weekday events, which we had previously refused. We hope that we can continue to help revitalize the community in any way we can.
大館神明社と大館ばやしの今昔日記Odate Shinmeisha and Odate bayashi: A Diary of the Past and Present
11平成13年8月 大館市無形民族文化財指定August 2001: Designated as Odate City Intangible Folk Cultural Property
Odate bayashi has long been familiar to the people of Odate as the festival music played during the entertainment dedication of the Odate Shinmeisha Festival. The Gion-bayashi, with its shouts of "Yoi yoi sore yiyasaka sassa", is the most frequently heard and representative of Odate bayashi. It was designated as an intangible folk cultural asset by Odate City in August 2001.
12大館ばやしの伝播には二説ありThere are two theories about the spread of Odate Bayayashi
There are two theories about the spread of the Odate bayashi, which is said to have originated from the Gion music of Kyoto. There are two theories about how it spread. One is that when the Satake clan, the lords of Odate Castle, were transferred from Hitachi to this area, they used it as a marching song on their way to the castle, and later it became popular among merchants and craftsmen who came and went in the castle. The other theory is that the landowners and town leaders of Odate sent young people to Kyoto to learn it. In any case, it is said that young people competed with each other as an entertainment offering at the local Shinmeisha shrine festival for about 400 years. However, the records were destroyed by fire in the Boshin War and successive fires before and after the war, and the oldest proof of the existence of the music is the description in the Gisuke Ono Diary written in 1889.
13大館神明社例祭と儀助日記Odate Shinmeisha Festival and Gisuke's Diary
Since ancient times, the annual festival of Shinmeisha has been held on August 1st, the evening festival on the day before, and Yutate on the 2nd. In 1872, after the lunar calendar was replaced by the solar calendar, the festival continued to be held on August 1 of the lunar calendar. It was not until 1910 that the date was changed to the current September 11.
On the day of the evening festival, an event called "Kasazoroi" was held in the precincts of the Shinmeisha Shrine, where decorated floats and music floats gathered to dedicate the music. The shrine grounds were filled with crowds.
At the annual festival, the portable shrines of the Shinmeisha shrine were paraded through the town of Ujiko. There is a description of the order of the procession in the Gisuke Diary for September 17, 1887 (formerly August 1).
The last three rows were decorated floats, which were dedicated by the wealthy residents of Omachi, Bakuromachi, Naka-machi and Shinmachi. These floats were decorated with dolls in the front and carried children in the back as they paraded through the streets.
14明治22年の囃子車は、演奏しながら練り歩くA musical carriage from 1889 is paraded around while playing
In the Gisuke diary of the same year, it is written that the floats were made by the Taiho and Shinren groups, and the decorated floats were made by the Benten group, Taiho group, Echizen Keikichi, Fujishima Chukichi, Ono Gisuke, Wataoriza, and Gojyushigumi. The floats were constructed of long wooden blocks about two inches square, and were carried around the four corners while flutes, drums, and later, shamisen players played the music.
In the Gisuke Diary, three days before the Yoimatsuri, there is an entry that reads, "In the afternoon, at dusk, I called Sakichi in the carpenter's town and asked him to be the hayashi leader. The list goes on and on. In 2001, Hiroshi Aratani, then chairman of the Odate City Council for the Protection of Cultural Properties, stated, "The fact that the musician was made up of people from the town and the surrounding area, and that they were all together the night before the festival, indicates that they had been involved in the musicianship for many years and did not need to spend a long time practicing. This indicates that they have been involved in the hayashi for many years and did not have to take a long time to practice. This confirms the existence, tradition, and succession of the hayashi since the Edo period, probably before 1889.
15明治48年には電線が張り巡らされて鉾、飾り山は通行不能になるIn 1905, electric cables were installed to make the floats and decorative floats impassable.
In 1910, electric wires were installed along the street, and the floats and decorative floats that had competed for height were closed to traffic, completely changing the form of the festival. The floats and decorative floats that used to compete in height were no longer allowed to pass through. The floats will now go around the town. When they arrived in front of a house to greet people, the first person hit the clapper to signal them to stop, and the first person wearing a haori and hakama said a few words of greeting. There are three types of music: yose-bayashi, ken-bayashi, and ken-bayashi. I imagine that they played Yose-bayashi, Ken-bayashi, and Gion-bayashi respectively.
16大正時代以降は、若者による曳山車が奉納され始めますAfter the Taisho era, young people began to dedicate their own floats.
According to Mr. Magokichi Echizen's memoirs in the Festival Booklet No. 6, after the Taisho era (1912-1926), young people began to dedicate their own floats in addition to those of the Bungen floats. They were decorated floats with drums in the back, and the musicians played while walking. Eventually, geishas began to ride on the floats, and the floats gradually took on their present form.
Due to the confusion after the war and the lack of manpower, there was a time when floats were towed by cars or built on the back of trucks, but as the world settled down, the floats were revived. In 1963, the Odate Bayashi Preservation Association was established at the suggestion of Mr. Matsutaro Narita, and the name “Hayashi yama" was changed from the previous name of the festival float to "Odate bayashi". The name was changed to Odate bayashi (Odate Music Festival) and the music, which had been different for each performer and company, was unified. In addition, efforts were made to teach and train young people and children in order to make the Odate bayashi resonate from all the neighborhoods where the floats are dedicated, and by 1985, all the floats were able to play their own Odate bayashi.
18世代を超えて継承Handed down from generation to generation
In writing this article, I borrowed "Odate City History Volume 4" from the library and was astonished to see a photo on page 543. In the photo titled "Baryu-ko at the Odate Shinmeisha Festival in 1898," there is a three-story float (probably called a yorishiro) as tall as a house, and in the left corner, there is a double-decker float in the style of a Gion Festival float. The person who provided the photo was a member of my neighborhood, so I visited him immediately, but unfortunately I could not borrow the photo because his family had already disposed of the old one. However, I could not imagine that such a splendid floats were paraded in Odate during the Meiji era. I can understand why the streets were covered with electric wires and why people from nearby towns and villages disappeared on festival days to watch the festival.
Gisuke Ono's Diary, Odate City History, Vol. 4, Festival Bookmarks No. 6 and No. 8, Festivals and Daiho-kou, Views on "Dai-derivative Explanatory Notes
"Baryu-kou of Odate Shinmeisha Festival in 1898" from Odate City History, Vol. 4, p. 543
文責：大館ばやし保存会 石田 誠孝
Written by Seikou Ishida, Odate Bayayashi Preservation Association.